Target Language Adaptation of Discriminative Transfer Parsers

Oscar Täckström, Ryan McDonald and Joakim Nivre

We study multi-source transfer parsing for resource-poor target languages; specifically methods for target language adaptation of delexicalized discriminative graph-based dependency parsers. We first show how recent insights on selective parameter sharing, based on typological and language-family features, can be applied to a discriminative parser by carefully decomposing its model features. We then show how the parser can be relexicalized and adapted using unlabeled target language data and a learning method that can incorporate diverse knowledge sources through ambiguous labelings. In the latter scenario, we exploit two sources of knowledge: arc marginals derived from the base parser in a self-training algorithm, and arc predictions from multiple transfer parsers in an ensemble-training algorithm. Our final model outperforms the state of the art in multi-source transfer parsing on 15 out of 16 evaluated languages.

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